Barbara Hoppert was a sixteen-year-old high school sophomore when she checked into Loma Linda University Hospital for an abortion. Barbara was in the second trimester of her pregnancy. She was having the abortion on the recommendation of her physician, because of a congenital heart condition. The abortion was performed on in February of 1983. During the procedure, Barbara’s heart stopped. Physicians were unable to revive her, and she was pronounced dead on the operating table.